Attappady is an area classified as the first Integrated Tribal Development Block of Kerala and forms part of Mannarkkad Taluk of Palakkad District. It is situated north of Palakkad town, close to the Tamil Nadu border . This undulating hilly tract is drained by the river Bhavani and its main tributary Siruvani. It has a total area of 745sq km. spread over three Panchayats namely Agali, Pudur and Sholayur.
Attappady is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The Nilgiris form a complex topography, which is isolated from after high ranges. The mountains in this range are some of the oldest geological formations in South Western India.
THE METEOROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS :
Rainfall varies considerably in Attappady Block, being higher in the western slopes and dwindling towards the Easter plateau. Western Attappady receives and annual rainfall of about 3000 mm whereas the rainfall in
BOUNDARIES: (With name of Districts around)
North: Nilgiris (TN) South: Palakkad
The western slopes are under denser vegetation. Indiscriminate denudation and practice of shifting cultivation once prevalent in this tract had created patches of land sometimes under cultivation especially in the embankment of rivers and rivulets. These patches are under paddy, coconut, areacanut, tapioca, banana, ginger, turmeric, vegetables, etc.
THUMBAPPARA WATER FALL
The Attappady region is drained by two major rivers- Bhavani and Kunthi.Shiruvani, varagar and kodugarapallam are the main tributaries of Bhavani river which flows to Tamilnadu then converging with Kaveri river. Kunthi is one of the major tributaries of Bharathapuzha originating from Angindamudy of Silentvally national park.
The Silent Valley National Park is located in the Kundali Hills in Kerala, along the hill ranges known as the Western Ghats. The Silent Valley is considered to be the last pristine region of tropical evergreen forest in India and is an area rich in biodiversity. The lush tropical greenery, undulating slopes, hills and rivers make the Silent Valley National Park a beautiful wildlife tourism destination in Kerala, India.
The park is also known for the rare and unique herbs and plants that grow here, as well as the wildlife found in the Silent Valley, which include elephants, tigers and lion-tailed macaques. Situated in the Palakkad district of Kerala, the Silent Valley National Park is adjacent to the Attappadi Reserve Forests to the East, the Palghat and Nilambur
forest divisions in the West and South and the Nilgiri Forests in the North. This biodiversity hot spot is a unique treasure trove of rare flora and fauna. The Silent Valley National Park was threatened by the construction of a Hydel Power Project during the 1970's. Protests by environmentalists led to the renotification of Silent Valley as a National Park in 1984. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve with the Silent Valley National Park as its core area was created in 1986.
Silent Valley National Park can be accessed by air, rail and road. Peelamamedu Airport, at Coimbatore is the nearest airport, at a distance of 155 km from Silent Valley National Park. There are daily flights to Coimbatore from the cities of Chennai, Mumbai, Kozhikode, and Madurai. Olavakkode Railway Station at Palakkad, 75 km away, is the nearest railway station and is connected to Silent Valley National Park by road.
Attappady Hills Area Development Society (AHADS) has been registered under Societies Registration Act of 1860 with a Memorandum of Association and a Bye-law (vide Number 390 dated 31.10.95 before the District Registrar, Palakkad).
According to the directions issued by the State Government, the AHADS has been considered as the Project Implementation Agency (PIA) for the implementation of “Attappady Wasteland Comprehensive Environmental Conservation Project”. The Society has a Project Directorate with minimum Technical and Ministerial Support Systems under the Project Director. The society has a Governing Body with due representation of the Panchayats, MLA, MP, Scientific Organizations, selected experts, other peoples representatives etc. Policy making at the project level, issuing of directions for implementation of activities, monitoring of activities etc, are the responsibilities of this committee. There is a High Power Committee with the Honorable Chief Minister as the Chairman and the Ministers of developmental departments, MLA, MP and Government nominees as members. The Principal Secretary to Government, Rural Development Department is the Secretary to the committee. The Committee upholds the principles and obligations of bilateral agreement between the Government of India and the O E C F (Government of Japan). The committee envisages the activities of the project with in the broad format of the eco-restoration principles .The Project Directorate (Attappady Hills Area Development Society) has been considered as a subordinate mechanism of operation to the Executing Agency of the project viz, The Rural Development Department. This agency gets associated with the Wasteland Development Department and the Department of Economic Affairs (Government of India).
It is the official Retreat Centre of palakkad diocese. His Excellency Mar. Jacob Manathodath, is the Patron under whose powerful guidence and paternal blessings, all spiritual ministries are conducted in Sehion. Rev. Fr. Xavier Khan Vattayil is the founder and Director of Sehion Retreat Centre and Rev. Fr. Reni Pullukalayil as asst. director, lends full support to the director, since his Ordination in December 2005. Rev. Fr. Augustine Vattoly, was the first asst. director for two years in 2002 and 2003 and Rev Fr. Soji Olickal, the second asst. director in 2004 and 2005. Now apart from Fr. Reni Pullukalayil, Fr. Soji Olickal, Fr. Binoy Karimaruthungal, Fr. Reji Muttathil, Bro. Sabu Kasarkode, Bro. Raphel Maprani, and Bro. Francis Nilambur are helping the Director, in Retreat and other ministries.
The Retreat centre and surroundings are filled with prayers round the clock. A powerfull and dedicated team consisting of Rev. Fathers and Lay People conducts weekly Retreats and Conventions in Parishes, Convents, Seminaries and Big Cities in various parts of Kerala and other States. As members of the team are endowed with various Gifts of the Holy spirit, God almighty showers his Blessings whenever The team conducts programmes, confirming the Word of God by signs, wonderfull healings and exhaustions. Therefore people, not only from Kerala and other States of India but also from abroad, are queuing up for all programmes led by Rev. Fr. Xavier Khan Vattayil. All the members of the of the Team – Preachers, Councilors, Intercession Groups, the Choir- are fully dedicated and filled with the Holy spirit. As real servants of God they are in fact and asset to the center.
The centre has already started relaying programmes through Television Channels. On all Sundays from 8.30 pm to 9 pm “ABISHEKAGNI” is telecast through Shalom Television Channel since April 2005 and the same is re-telecast on all Fridays from 11 am to 11.30 am and for Gulf viewers on all Saturdays from 1.30 am to 2.00 am in the night . “MARANATHA” is another Television Programme relayed through Jeevan Television Channel on all Saturdays from 6 am to 6.30 am since April 2007. Besides the centre is prayerfully waiting for relaying another programme through Divine Vision Cannel and the name of the programme, day and time of the relay will be communicated shortly. Thank God, the centre has started relay of Live programme on all first Fridays from 11.30am to 1.30 pm in Moon T V, a local cable T V Channel covering the whole area of Attappady. Now the center is confident that God almighty will grant its dreams come true. A Channel of its own, for the greater glory of God, to relay the Word of God, round the clock.
Bus Route :
From Mannarkkad, a town in Palakkad - Calicut route, catch the bus to Annakkatty and board at Thavalam, infront of Sehion Retreat Center.
Malleeswara vilakku' is a treditional and tribel festvel of Attappady.It is celebrate in sivarathri.
The Sivarathri festival is celebrated at the chemmannur Malleeswaram temple by the tribals during the month of February/March. The Malleswaram peak is worshipped as a gigantic Shivalinga by the tribes who celebrate the Sivarathri festival there with great fervour.
Now Started Windfarm work in Attappady. A wind farm, to produce 20 MW of power, is coming up on three hills of Attappady at Kadampara, Nallasinga and Kaundikal.
In all, 33 wind turbine generators with a total capacity of 19.8 MW are under construction. Each generator will have a capacity of 600 KW. Two 33 kV transmission lines from the wind farm to the Agali substation of the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) is also under construction.
The work on the wind farm by ‘Suzlon’ started in June this year. It is expected to start power generation from March next year. Areas like Kottathara, Kadampara, Nallasinga, Sholayur and Kaundikal are witnessing brisk activities. Wind energy is considered a green power source. It is also the cleanest energy mode.
India ranks first in Asia and fourth in the world among wind power producing countries. India added 1700 MW to the installed capacity in 2006-07 to aggregate an installed capacity of more than 7200 MW. The State has now made a beginning in tapping wind potential (assessed as around 650 MW).